Supply Chain Council of European Union |

Farm Input Supply Chain Seeing Age of Transition


An example of this shift is e-commerce business for farm inputs. Taylor said e-commerce is already popular in most people’s lives and has grown in relevance, particularly through the COVID-19 pandemic.

However, the number of farmers buying farm inputs online lags behind the general public buying other items online.

Research shows farmers’ purchases online of inputs — pesticides, seeds, fertilizers — are somewhere between 1% to 5%, compared to them buying it from normal, conventional retail places, but is seeing significant growth, he explained.

Taylor believes online purchasing of farm inputs will grow significantly in the future, both from larger and smaller suppliers. Smaller cooperatives and local regional distributors could form partnerships with each other, gaining the advantages of scale like larger ag retailer already have.

“So, with the context of this, that shift of the ag retail power, we do think it’s going to shift more toward that nexus point between product acquisition and the farmer,” he said. “Putting the farmer really at the center of that data composition, that interaction with the retailer is going to become more prescient and more personal.”

Despite new partnerships that could emerge, Taylor believes “brick-and-mortar” retailers should be in the better position to expand e-commerce type of platform. They are established, which puts them one step ahead of newer startup farm input businesses, he said.


The future of the farm input supply chain is both similar and different in Europe, according to Elizabeth Lunik, Rabobank farm input analyst for Europe and Africa.

One major difference farmers in Europe face is a more regulated environment, she said. European farmers also have more diverse farming systems and generally longer crop rotations with more crops involved.

On the retailer side, Lunik said European farmers lean toward relying more on cooperatives and the cooperative structure. These are run as traditional organizations that are more based on in-store interactions.

Western Europe has the same low numbers of farmers utilizing e-commerce for purchasing farm inputs as North American farmers. There is, however, a willingness to utilize e-commerce, she added.


Lunik said one recent trend is the emergence of independent retailers. These newcomers are riding the wave of digitalization and online marketplaces, to sell farm inputs.

“These cooperatives and independent retailers have sort of said we need to enter this game of offering a hybrid model, making sure there’s a good online platform, a good app perhaps, to purchase farm inputs and an offering of not just farm input sales,” Lunik said.

Consumers want to know more about what is happening on farms, what is in their food, etc., she said. One recent Rabobank research publication covering seven different regions said one emerging trend is farm input suppliers converting from just product providers to more of a “coaching” position.

Lunik said companies who supply farmers with farm inputs will need to decide where they will be in the evolution of the supply chain. Will they continue as sort of low-commodity providers of farm inputs, or will they position themselves as basically helping guide farmers on how to use their products?

“I think in Europe, it is a big challenge,” she said. “Because what this means is this whole regulatory environment about stricter use means that we won’t see volume increasing farm inputs usage.”

Lunik said it boils down to companies will need better products or better services to bring the product to the farm. The need for competitively priced goods or services is also important, she added.

Russ Quinn can be reached at

Follow him on Twitter @RussQuinnDTN

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