Supply Chain Council of European Union |

BP closes data centres to move its applications into the Amazon public cloud

The deal with AWS is eye-catching as a result of the pure global scale of BP and its potential to encourage other industrial giants to do the same.

BP is closing its
European data centres and migrating all data and 900 key applications
currently hosted there to Amazon Web Services. The move is part of a
company-wide programme to accelerate the digitisation of its
infrastructure and operations.

Two European “mega
data centres”, as the energy giant describes them, are the largest
that BP operates globally, and they host data from across all BP’s
businesses. “Moving to AWS enables BP to use a broad and deep
portfolio of cloud services, including machine learning, analytics,
storage, security, databases and compute to gain greater insights and
automate processes,” said BP.

The data centre
migration expands on BP’s existing relationship with AWS, which it
said has helped the organisation to “improve operational
efficiencies, eliminate up-front capital expenditures and quickly
adapt to market changes”.

The move to the public
cloud for BP began in 2013, when the company moved to host its
website on AWS. Since then it has been looking to move more business
applications out of its own data centres as their leases came to an

It can’t move all data
into a public cloud though as some of its data is connected to highly
regulated commodity markets and other data is subject to data
sovereignty demands.

In its global
Downstream business, BP’s refineries run AVEVA Unified Supply Chain
software, a crucial decision-making analytics platform, on AWS. It
has also migrated around half of its 65 business-critical SAP
production environments to AWS, which it says has “improved system
performance and integrity”.

The company now plans
to accelerate the migration of additional SAP applications to AWS. In
addition, BP is creating a data lake on Amazon Simple Storage Service
(Amazon S3), for use across its businesses, and will use Amazon
Kinesis, a service that enables organisations to easily collect,
process and analyse real-time streaming data, to gain timely insights
for its emissions monitoring and gas station pump operations.

With this information
and leveraging Amazon SageMaker, a machine learning (ML) service that
provides organisations with the ability to build, train and deploy ML
models quickly, BP will be able to make predictions that will help
the energy company make faster business decisions and drive

And moving forward, BP
aims to continue to advance its cloud-first enterprise data strategy
to significantly improve its supply-chain operations and deliver
advanced Internet of Things (IoT) solutions for increased safety,
predictive maintenance, corrosion detection, logistics tracking and
intelligent assistance.

In a separate deal, AWS
has signed two renewable energy projects with BP that will provide it
with over 170MW of wind and solar capacity in Sweden and Spain each
year over the next decade, to supply energy to Amazon’s fulfillment
network in Europe and Amazon Web Services data centres.

BP CIO Steve Fortune
said: “AWS is helping us to transform our operations. Exiting our
European data centres and migrating to AWS supports our digital
transformation agenda, and we’re excited about the possibilities
for increased flexibility, operational efficiencies and opportunities
to innovate.”

Bill Vass, VP of
technology, storage, automation and management at AWS, said “global
companies like BP trust AWS to support their digital

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